It is almost impossible for an admirer of the Ancient Macedonian History not to be involved, one way or another, with one of the questions which still remain crucial in our days. Who were the Ancient Macedonians?
The aforementioned question has emerged into an object of scholarly research for a really long time. Many eminent scholars discussed the various manifestations of the Macedonian identity mostly as articulated through shared self-identification, shared language, shared cult practices and the foundational myth. In this article we should aim for an comparative exploration of the complex theme of the ancient Macedonian Ethnicity and exhibit the significant correlations of the different theories with what literary and epigraphic evidence have to tell us. The following analysis is significant enough not only to throw a light on these theories but perhaps even to challenge them. The main theories in random order are:
1) The Phrygian Theory (FT): The Ancient Macedonians were Phrygians, remnants of the earlier inhabitants of the area and spoke the Phrygian language.
2) The Distinct Ethnicity Theory (DET): The Ancient Macedonians composed a Distinct Ethicity from all their neighbors and spoke a distinct language.
3) The Dorian theory (DT): The Ancient Macedonians were a Greek tribe, and more specifically they belonged to the Doric Stock. They spoke a Doric dialect, with elements from the Illyrian and Thracian language.
4) The proto-Slavic theory (ST): The Ancient Macedonians were proto-Slavic people and spoke a proto-Slavic dialect.
5) The Illyrian/Thracian Theory (ITT): The Ancient Macedonians were a mixed race of Thracian/Illyrian stock, therefore the language was a mixture of both languages.
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